What is the difference between a Landscape Architect and a Landscape Designer?
A Landscape Architect is a person who focuses more on urban planning, city and regional parks, civic and corporate landscapes, large scale interdisciplinary projects, and delegation to contractors after completing designs. They specialize in designing outdoor environments, and develop land for human use and enjoyment through effective placement of structures, vehicular and pedestrian ways.
A Landscape Designer is a person who focuses on both the integrated master landscape planning of a property and the specific garden design of landscape elements and plants within it. The practical, aesthetic, horticultural, and environmental sustainability are also components of landscape design. It is often divided into hardscape design and softscape design. Landscape designers often collaborate with related disciplines such as architecture and geography, soils and civil engineering, surveying, landscape contracting, botany, and artisan specialties.
Design factors include objective qualities such as: climate and microclimates; topography and orientation, site drainage; municipal and resource building codes; soils and irrigation; human and vehicular access and circulation; furnishings and lighting; native plant habitat botany when present; property safety and security; client's needs and preferences; desirable plants and elements to retain on site, modify, or replace; construction detailing; and other measurable considerations.
*There can be significant overlap of talent and skill between the two roles, depending on the education, licensing, and experience of the professional. Both landscape designers and landscape architects practice landscape design.