What is a drainage system and what does it entail?
A drainage system controls the flow of water using natural means: regrading of soil and gravity; or by artificial means: drain pipes, French drains, catch basins, swales, dry wells, rain gardens, and permeable paver structures to reroute or divert storm water runoff to appropriate locations. Includes storm water management. The positive aspects of natural drainage (drainage using gravity) is that water will flow away from the house without the possibility of pipes clogging. When using artificial means, there may be a possibility of pipes becoming clogged, that will end up resulting in more maintenance to keep the pipes clean. We recommend using PVC pipes because they provide a strong, smooth surface that allows water and debris to flow freely. A clean out connection piece, which is connected to a downspout, works well to access pipes at key points to prevent possible clogging.
What does the word hardscape mean?
Hardscape consists of the non-living elements of landscaping, including but not limited to: lumber and masonry work. Examples of hardscape are the construction of retaining walls (lumber and stone), patios, walkways, steps, driveways, outdoor fireplaces and kitchens. It could also include structures like pergolas, water features, and boulders, which could be used in your landscape.
What is a French Drain?
A French drain is a term for a gently sloping trench that has a perforated pipe, wrapped with a lightweight fabric, which allows water in but keeps the soil out. This pipe is then covered with any type of drainage stone (ranging between 1/2" to 3") to allow water to percolate through the stones, into the pipe, and then toward an exit point.
Contrary to what one may think, the French Drain wasn't invented in France. It is the invention of a Concord, MA, farmer named Henry French. He hit on the idea when trying to fix swampy areas on his property.